Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications


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Zinc sulfate is also used for the same purpose. Some prepackaged foods also include trace amounts of ZnO even if it is not intended as a nutrient. Zinc oxide was linked to dioxin contamination in pork exports in the Chilean pork crisis.

The contamination was found to be due to dioxin contaminated zinc oxide used in pig feed. Zinc white is used as a pigment in paints and is more opaque than lithopone , but less opaque than titanium dioxide. Chinese white is a special grade of zinc white used in artists' pigments. The use of zinc white zinc oxide as a pigment in oil painting started in the middle of 18th century. It is also a main ingredient of mineral makeup CI Micronized and nano-scale zinc oxide and titanium dioxide provide strong protection against UVA and UVB ultraviolet radiation , and are used in suntan lotion , [88] and also in UV-blocking sunglasses for use in space and for protection when welding , following research by scientists at Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPL.

Paints containing zinc oxide powder have long been utilized as anticorrosive coatings for metals. They are especially effective for galvanized iron. Iron is difficult to protect because its reactivity with organic coatings leads to brittleness and lack of adhesion.

Zinc oxide paints retain their flexibility and adherence on such surfaces for many years. ZnO:Al coatings are used for energy-saving or heat-protecting windows. The coating lets the visible part of the spectrum in but either reflects the infrared IR radiation back into the room energy saving or does not let the IR radiation into the room heat protection , depending on which side of the window has the coating.

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Zinc Oxide Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Device Applications - PDF Drive

Plastics, such as polyethylene naphthalate PEN , can be protected by applying zinc oxide coating. The coating reduces the diffusion of oxygen with PEN. The coating protects polycarbonate from solar radiation, and decreases its oxidation rate and photo-yellowing. Zinc oxide depleted in 64 Zn the zinc isotope with atomic mass 64 is used in corrosion prevention in nuclear pressurized water reactors.

The depletion is necessary, because 64 Zn is transformed into radioactive 65 Zn under irradiation by the reactor neutrons.


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Zinc oxide ZnO is used as a pretreatment step to remove hydrogen sulfide H 2 S from natural gas following hydrogenation of any sulfur compounds prior to a methane reformer , which can poison the catalyst. The zinc sulfide ZnS is replaced with fresh zinc oxide when the zinc oxide has been consumed. ZnO has wide direct band gap 3.

Therefore, its most common potential applications are in laser diodes and light emitting diodes LEDs. For instance as transparent conducting oxide layer and ZnO nanostructures provide better light outcoupling. ZnO is the most promising candidate in the field of random lasers to produce an electronically pumped UV laser source. The pointed tips of ZnO nanorods result in a strong enhancement of an electric field. Therefore, they can be used as field emitters.

Aluminium-doped ZnO layers are used as transparent electrodes. The components Zn and Al are much cheaper and less toxic compared to the generally used indium tin oxide ITO. One application which has begun to be commercially available is the use of ZnO as the front contact for solar cells or of liquid crystal displays. As field-effect transistors, they even may not need a p—n junction, [] thus avoiding the p-type doping problem of ZnO. Some of the field-effect transistors even use ZnO nanorods as conducting channels.

Zinc oxide nanorod sensors are devices detecting changes in electric current passing through zinc oxide nanowires due to adsorption of gas molecules. Selectivity to hydrogen gas was achieved by sputtering Pd clusters on the nanorod surface. The addition of Pd appears to be effective in the catalytic dissociation of hydrogen molecules into atomic hydrogen, increasing the sensitivity of the sensor device. The sensor detects hydrogen concentrations down to 10 parts per million at room temperature, whereas there is no response to oxygen.

Such room temperature ferromagnetism in ZnO:Mn has been observed, [] but it is not clear yet whether it originates from the matrix itself or from secondary oxide phases.

Zinc oxide nanostructures for optoelectronic and energy devices

The piezoelectricity in textile fibers coated in ZnO have been shown capable of fabricating "self-powered nanosystems" with everyday mechanical stress from wind or body movements. In the Center for Nanostructure Characterization at the Georgia Institute of Technology reported producing an electricity generating device called flexible charge pump generator delivering alternating current by stretching and releasing zinc oxide nanowires.

This mini-generator creates an oscillating voltage up to 45 millivolts, converting close to seven percent of the applied mechanical energy into electricity. Researchers used wires with lengths of 0. ZnO is a promising anode material for lithium-ion battery because it is cheap, biocompatible, and environmentally friendly. As a food additive, zinc oxide is on the U. Zinc oxide itself is non-toxic; however it is hazardous to inhale zinc oxide fumes, as generated when zinc or zinc alloys are melted and oxidized at high temperature. This problem occurs while melting brass because the melting point of brass is close to the boiling point of zinc.

For this reason, typically galvanized steel is not welded, or the zinc is removed first. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Zinc oxide Names Other names Zinc white, calamine, philosopher's wool, Chinese white, flowers of zinc. CAS Number.

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Interactive image. PubChem CID. Chemical formula. Solubility in water. Refractive index n D. Crystal structure. Space group. Lattice constant. Formula units Z. Coordination geometry. Heat capacity C. Std molar entropy S o ATCvet code. LD 50 median dose.

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LC 50 median concentration. LC Lo lowest published. PEL Permissible. REL Recommended. IDLH Immediate danger. See also: Zinc smelting. Main article: Depleted zinc oxide. Wide bandgap semiconductors: fundamental properties and modern photonic and electronic devices. Retrieved on Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Journal of Applied Physics.

Zinc oxide nanomaterials are promising candidates for nanoelectronics and photonics

Bibcode : JAP Inorganic Chemistry. Chemistry of the Elements 2nd ed. W; Nicholson, J. Journal of Materials Science. Bibcode : JMatS.. Materials in Dentistry: Principles and Applications. Cement and Concrete Research. Chemistry of the Elements. Accessdate January 25, G CRC Press. Springer, Heidelberg. Geurts Bibcode : STAdM.. Superlattices and Microstructures. Bibcode : SuMi Applied Physics Letters. Bibcode : ApPhL.. Physical Review B. Bibcode : PhRvB.. Physical Review Letters. Bibcode : PhRvL.. Nature Materials. Bibcode : NatMa Journal of Crystal Growth.

Bibcode : JCrGr. Petersburg, Russia, was organized accordingly and started with the growth of ZnO. A variety of growth methods for bulk and layer growth were discussed. These techniques comprised growth methods such as closed space vapor transport CSVT , metal-organic chemical vapor deposition, reactive ion sputtering, and pulsed laser deposition. From a structural point of view using these growth techniques ZnO can be fabricated ranging from single crystalline bulk material to polycrystalline ZnO and nanowhiskers. A major aspect of the ZnO growth is doping.

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At room temperature single crystal ZnO exhibits a resistivity of about 0.

Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications
Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications Zinc Oxide - A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications

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